Culture Panorama

( 文化全景 )

The Foundations Laid in the Six Dynasties

Time and again throughout the long history of China the southern city of Nanjing has held the position not only as the political capital but also as the cultural center. Often overshadowed by the tragic events of the previous 100 years, the beauty and wonder of Nanjing is reflected in the sparkling Qinhuai River as it flows through this great city. Beginning over 2,500 yea …

the Ancient Capital of Six Dynasties and the Metropolis of Ten Dynasties

 

Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province and a city with a prominent place in Chinese history and culture. The different spellings 'Nanjing' or 'Nanking' bear the same Chinese name '南京' - meaning 'Southern capital' - Nanking was widely used until the Pinyin language reform after which Nanjing is the internatio …

The City Wall of Nanjing

Chinese Simplified: 南京城墙




The City Wall of Nanjing was designed by Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang (1368-1398) after he founded the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and established Nanjing as the capital …

Bao'en Pagod

Chinese Simplified: 大报恩寺塔

 

One of the most extraordinary buildings ever constructed, the Bao'en Pagoda stood on a hilltop outside the southern gate of Nanjing for more than four hundred years before finally being destroye …

Wende Bridge in front of Confucius Temple

Two Chinese characters “Wen De” originated from Confucian idea of “Articles and morality come first in the world”. This bridge is situated right on the Meridian of the earth. Therefore,  …

Pan Pool

The pool in front of Confucius Temple is generally called “Pan Pool”. The original palace of academy in the Lu State was situ …

Jingyi, which means sincerity, is the pursuit and ideological level of the Chinese literati.

According to the annals, in 1526, Emperor Jiajing of Ming dynasty wrote an article to require his people to respect and adhere to Confucian Doctrine and then the imperial article was carved on a stone tablet standing in the pavilion by almost every Confucius Temple. Th …

Powerful and Prosperous Ming Empire

Many of the images and sites that make up the worldview of Chinese culture were begun in the Ming Dynasty. Most notably, the current and completed version of the Great Wall, the architectural style represented by the Forbidden City and the popular blue and white porcelain creations. As Nanjing was the first capital of the Ming Dynasty (the second …

Depiction of Nanjing by A Churchman in the 17th

 

Xu Yinong, director of Research Department (Chinese Ancient Civilization Research Institute), Nanjing Library and an expert of bibliopoly introduced that, Alvarez Semedo, an Portuguese missionary arrived in Nanjing in 1613 and lived in China for over 20 years. After he returned to Europe, he wrote The History of That Great and Renowned Monarchy of China, in which he …

Pavilion Housing Tablet of Notes on Yuejiang Tower

Chinese Simplified: 阅江楼记



In Yuejiang Tower Scenic Area there is a huge stone  tablet.The stone tablet is of a whole white marble from the Fangshan Hill, Beijing. It is 3.1 meters long, 4.8 me …

Purple Mountain,many of the city's historical monuments and moments

Purple Mountain looms always above the skyline to the east of Nanjing, and is the location of many of the city's historical monuments and moments. 

At the top of the western slope is the Purple Mountain Observatory, a cluster of domed telescopes and modern research facilities that also houses a fine collection of ancient astronomical instruments. South of the o …

Zheng He ---One of the World's Greatest Explorers

Chinese Simplified: 郑和


"In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue" is how the children's nursery rhyme begins. However, more than 90 years before the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria, a Chinese Muslim eunuch born in poverty ascended the ranks of the great naval powerhouse of the Ming Dynasty. His name wa …

There is no further threat from outer river, and this place enjoys peace and tranquility

Jiangning is a place with long history and profound cultural heritage. The Shihuangdi Emperor of the Qin Dynasty (259-210BC) established Moling county in this area; and the Wudi Emperor of the Jin Dynasty (236-290AD) had a feeling that “there is no further threat from outer river, and this place enjoys peace and tranquility” , therefore changed the name into Jiangning. Jiangning combined with Suzhou, becomes the name of Jiangsu. Whi …

The legendary hero Houyi shot down nine suns

About 5 km from the Mont Tangshan, there is a Mont Shewu with an elevation of 233.3m., and a temple called Shewu was built to its north. This is the very site where the legendary hero Houyi shot down nine suns with his bow and arrows. 

In Chinese mythology, the sun is sometimes symbolized as a three-legged bird, called a Sun-bird. There were ten of these Sun-birds, all of whom are the offspring of Dijun, God …

Jinghai Temple

Chinese Simplified: 静海寺

The Jinghai (Calm Sea) Temple, located at the southwestern foot of the Lion Hill, was first built in the 9th year (1411) of the Yongle reign of the Ming Dynasty. It was built by the order of Emperor Chengzu in praise of Eunuch Zheng He for his merits in his navigation to the Western Oceans. The temple was given the name of Jinghai by the emperor, meaning all …

Republic of China

Chinese Simplified: 民国风云

The fatal weaknesses of the Qing dynasty, amply demonstrated at the Treaty of Nanjing and by the Taiping insurrection, resulted in the total collapse of Manchu rule in 1911; Nanjing was taken b …

Screen Wall and Memorial Archways


Located in the south of Chaotian Palace,the Screen Wall is almost 100 meters in length. Four characters of “Wan Ren Gong Qiang”,which mean …

Qinhuai Lantern Festival

Chinese Simplified: 秦淮灯会


Qinhuai Lantern Festival is an important component of Qinhuai culture and a famous traditional festival of Nanjing. It has been successfully held for 26 years in the Confucius T …

Nanjing Jiuhua Hill Park and stupa

Chinese Simplified: 九华山舍利塔

 


 

For those of you who don't know what a stupa is, it's a dome-shaped monument, used to house relics of Buddhism or Jainism. Having said that, I can't really remember seeing anything particularly dome-sha …

The Good Man of Nanking: The Diaries of John Rabe

Chinese Simplified: 拉贝

 

Rabe House 拉贝故居  Address:1 Xiaofenqiao, Guangzhou Lu小粉桥1号  

 

The Good Man of Nanking: The Diaries of John Rabe is a collection of the personal journals of John Rabe, a German businessman who lived in Nanj …

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