Nanjing Celebrity

( 名人 )

Powerful and Prosperous Ming Empire

Many of the images and sites that make up the worldview of Chinese culture were begun in the Ming Dynasty. Most notably, the current and completed version of the Great Wall, the architectural style represented by the Forbidden City and the popular blue and white porcelain creations. As Nanjing was the first capital of the Ming Dynasty (the second …

Zheng He ---One of the World's Greatest Explorers

Chinese Simplified: 郑和


"In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue" is how the children's nursery rhyme begins. However, more than 90 years before the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria, a Chinese Muslim eunuch born in poverty ascended the ranks of the great naval powerhouse of the Ming Dynasty. His name wa …

Sun Yat-sen

Chinese Simplified: 孙中山

Sun Yat-sen ---The Founding Father of Modern China

Universal Love

 

Perhaps no other statesman in recent history has affected the direction of modern politics, education and leadership in China than Sun Zhongshan (Sun Yat-sen as pronounced according to Cantonese dialect). Born in Gu …

Hongwu Emperor

Chinese Simplified: 朱元璋



 

The Hongwu Emperor (Chinese: 洪武帝; 21 …

Sun Quan

Chinese Simplified: 孙权

Sun Quan (182–252),[1] style name Zhongmou, formally known as Emperor Da of Wu, was the founder of the state of Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms period. He ruled from 222 to 229 as the "King of Wu" and from 229 to 252 as the "Emperor of Wu".

In his youth, Sun Quan spent time in his home county of Fuchun, in present-day Zhejiang, and after the …

Li Yu (Southern Tang)

Chinese Simplified: 李煜

Li Yu(937–978), also known as Houzhu of Southern Tang (南唐后主), was the last ruler of the Southern Tang Kingdom from 961 to 975 during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period. He was also a well-known poet, even to the extent of having been called the "first true master" of the ci form. As a poet, he is generally known by his family name and his given …

Yuan Mei

Chinese Simplified: 袁枚


Yuan Mei (袁枚 pinyin: Yuán Méi, 1716–1797) was a well-known poet, scholar, artist, and gastronome of the Qing Dynasty.

Yuan Mei was born in Qiantang (钱塘, in modern Hangzhou), Zhejiang province, to a cultured family who had never before attained high office. He achieve …

Xie An

Chinese Simplified: 谢安

 

 

Xie An (谢安) (320–385), courtesy name Anshi (安石), formally Duke Wenjing of Luling (庐陵文靖公), was a Jin Dynasty (265-420) statesman who, despite his lack of military ability, led Jin through a major crisis—attacks by Former Qin. His line became one of the two most honored d …

Sai Zhenzhu

Chinese Simplified: 赛珍珠

Pearl Sydenstricker Buck (June 26, 1892–March 6, 1973), also known by her Chinese name Sai Zhenzhu (Chinese: 赛珍珠; pinyin: Sài Zhēnzhū), was an American writer who spent most of her life until 1934 in China. Her novel The Good Earth was the best-selling fiction book in the U.S. in 1931 and 1932, and won the Pulitzer Prize in 1932. In 1938, she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterp …

Wei Yuan

Chinese Simplified: 魏源

 

Wei Yuan (Chinese: 魏源; pinyin: Wèi Yuán; Wade–Giles: Wei Yüan, April 23, 1794—March 26, 1857), born Wei Yuanda (魏远达), courtesy names Moshen (默深) and Hanshi (汉士), was a Chinese scholar from Shaoyang, Hunan. He moved to Yangzhou in 1831, where he remained for the rest of his life. Wei obtained the provincial degree (juren) in t …

National hero-Lin Zexu

 

Two Marquis Temple


Lin Zexu (1785-1850)was a Chinese scholar and official of the Qing Dynasty. He is most recognized for his conduct and his constant position on the "moral high ground" in his fight, as a "shepherd" of his people, against the opium trade in Guangzhou. Although the non-medicinal consump …

Yang Wenhui

Chinese Simplified: 杨文会

 

Yang Wenhui (pinyin: Yáng Wénhùi; Wade–Giles: Yang Wenhui; 1837-1911) was a Chinese lay Buddhist reformer who has been called "The Father of the Modern Buddhist Renaissance". His courtesy name was Rénshān (仁山). He was a native of Shídài (石埭) county (modern Shítái 石台 county) in Anhui province.

Wang Anshi

Chinese Simplified: 王安石

Wang Anshi (Chinese:王安石; December 8, 1021—May 21, 1086) was a Chinese economist, statesman, chancellor and poet of the Song Dynasty who attempted controversial, major socioeconomic reforms. These reforms constituted the core concepts and motives of the Reformists, while their nemesis, Chancellor Sima Guang, led the Conservative faction against them.

Li Xiangjun

Chinese Simplified: 李香君

The Peach-Blossom Fan (Chinese: 桃花扇; pinyin: Táohuā shàn) is a musical play and historical drama in 44 scenes that was completed in 1699 by the early Qing dynasty playwright Kong Shangren (孔尚任) after more than 10 years of effort. The play recounts the dying of the Ming dynastythrough the love story of its two main characters, young scholar Hou Fangyu (侯方域) and courtesan Li Xiangjun (李香君). The Indiana Companion to Traditional Chinese Literature has called it "China's greatest histo …

Peach-leaf Ferry

As a noted ferry in Nanjing in ancient times, it is at the confluence of the Qingxi River and the Qinhuai River. As a legend goes, it got its name since WangX …

Zhou Chu's Study Platform

Chinese Simplified: 周处读书台

Zhou Chu's Study Platform is located to the east of Zhonghua Gate in the southeastern corner of Nanjing City. It was where Zhou Chu of the Jin Dynasty studied very hard. 


Zhou Chu (周处; 236-297)was a Jin Dynasty (265–420) general. He was the son of Zhou Fang, a famous Eastern Wu (220-280) general.
Zhou Chu had a reputation for uprig …

Chien-Shiung Wu Memorial Hall

Chinese Simplified: 吴健雄纪念馆


Chien-Shiung Wu ( May 31, 1912 – February 16, 1997) was a Chinese American physicis …

The Good Man of Nanking: The Diaries of John Rabe

Chinese Simplified: 拉贝

 

Rabe House 拉贝故居  Address:1 Xiaofenqiao, Guangzhou Lu小粉桥1号  

 

The Good Man of Nanking: The Diaries of John Rabe is a collection of the personal journals of John Rabe, a German businessman who lived in Nanj …

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