General Introduction of Nanjing

( 南京概况 )




Nanjing is a city full of vigor and opportunities. It is a window for you to get a glimpse of real China. Touring,Studying and living here, you may find it changing and growing every day, you may find it a city with Chinese tradition as the background and full of many modern qualities, and you may feel the hospitality of the people here.

 
Nanjing is situated in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, at 32°03’N and 118°47’E. It borders with the Yangtze River Delta to the east and the hilly areas of South Anhui to the west, adjacent to the water network of Taihu Lake in the south and the Jianghuai Plain in the north. With the "golden waterway" Yangtze River flowing through the city, it is 380km from the Yangtze River’s estuary to the sea, and about 300km to Shanghai, the largest city of China.


Nanjing
is in the monsoon climate area of north subtropical zone, with clearly-divided four seasons. Its annual average temperature is 16℃, and the annual average precipitation 1034 mm.


Nanjing
is the capital of Jiangsu Province with the total area of 6598 square kilometers, including 4728 square kilometers as urban area, and its total population is 10.127 million(2011).


Nanjing,
an ancient capital of China, enjoys a worldwide reputation for its history and culture. Archaeological findings show that human ancestors lived in Nanjing area around 300,000 years ago, and primitive villages took shape 6000 years ago. These inhabitants were the original local people. From then on, people lived and multiplied in this area generation after generation. 


Nanjing, called Ning for short, is located in the Yangtze River Delta. With history of over 6,000 years, Nanjing has become a famous historical and cultural city since it was established 2,500 years ago. Since the 3rd Century AD, 10 dynasties and regimes made Nanjing the capital and established the country: Wu, Eastern Jin, Southern Dynasties (Sung, Qi, Liang, Chen), Southern Tang, Ming, Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and the Republic of China, hence the titles “Ancient Capital for Six Dynasties” and “Capital City for Ten Dynasties”. The history has left abundant Chinese historical and cultural relics in Nanjing.Nanjing was made as capital in ten dynasties in history, known as one of the four major ancient capitals in China together with Beijing, Xi’an and Luoyang. In addition to historical sights, memorials, museums and cultural sights also attract thousands of visitors. The famous Confucius Temple (Fuzimiao) is not only a memorial place for the Great Sage but has a surrounding area bustling with shops, restaurants and a snack street housed in traditional architectural buildings. In the city center, Nanjing Museum is a must for visitors with a collection of more than 420 thousand pieces, including about 2,000 that are rare and valued. The Zijinshan Observatory (Purple Mountain Observatory) to the east of the city center was the first modern observatory built in China.

Qinhuai River , in the southwest of the city, extends one hundred kilometers. The river used to be the most flourishing part of the city in the old days. In many Chinese novels, it is renowned as a place which nurtured beauties and romance. Today, it is a place for people to recall the old splendor of this historical city. Like all sights here, it tells the story of past, present and future of the city.


Nanjing is a city where you can live conveniently and happily. Supermarkets, including Wal-Mart, Carrefour and local Suguo, which spread all around the city, can provide you with all the necessities of your life. Emporiums, located in the downtown area, will make you close to the world-famous brands, including Chanel, Gucci and Dupont, just as you are in any modern city of the world. Various restaurants, some of which serve traditional Chinese food of all flavors, some serve foreign food, including western food, Indian food and Thai food, may cater for you from different countries and regions. If you’d like to spend your evening in pubs, you may find ones near large hotels. Adjacent to the Presidental Palace, there is a pub zone called 912 with traditional Chinese buildings, where you can enjoy yourself to your heart’s content. Transportation like by bus, train and plane can take you to nearly every city of China. A short trip by air may take you to other big cities of China, such as Beijing and Guangzhou. It only takes you about 1.5 hours from Nanjing to Shanghai or Hangzhou by train . 

Life in Nanjing is much slower and more relaxed than in Beijing or Shanghai. It is common to see senior citizens playing chess in the sun or enjoying a radio show next to a busy thoroughfare.

Parks are found all around the city. Most are free and well-maintained. Locals love strolling and picnicking in the green at leisure.

Nanjingers are chatty and friendly. Pedestrians are willing and helpful in giving directions, though most don’t speak English. English is better understood in high-end hotels and restaurants or international hostels.

Nanjingers  Public transportation:Within the city you may choose to travel by bus, taxi, subway or bicycle.Two subway lines stitch the city together with more than 50 stations. Trains are new and clean. A subway ride costs RMB 2-4 (US$0.3-0.6).
It is generally easy to find an empty taxi downtown but avoid rush hours (6:30-8:00 a.m., 5:00-7:00 p.m.). Drivers available for hire light their taxi lamps red (while green means the taxi is not available).The flag-down rate is RMB 9 (US$ 1.4) plus RMB 2 (US$0.3) fuel surcharge.



Nanjing is one of the highly-developed cities in China. The average annual disposable income of Nanjing urban residents is about 36300 RMB(2012). Nanjing is one of the important industrial bases in East China with strong industrial economic strength, accounting for about 1% of the country total in terms of gross industrial capability. Many foreign multi-national corporations have regarded Nanjing as a good place to establish their foreign branches.



Nanjing
, this city so rich in culture and nature that one will find themselves alternating between ancient and modern with every step with a canopy of cooling foliage overhead. Lush greenery cascades over sweeping hills and mountains. Waterways serpentine through the city of steel and glass. Nanjing, this city of dreams and imperial artistry blossoms like a lotus flower floating along a river oblivious to the outside world.




If you want to know some information about shopping, traffic, food, etc., or you get into troubles, you can call the 24-hour service hotline of Nanjing Government at:86-25-12345. And if you want to know some information about tourist attractions, travel agencies or accommodation, you can also consult Nanjing Tourism Commission or make complaints. 

          Travel consultation: 86-25-52269008 

          Travel complaints: 86-25-52260123

          Online:www.nju.gov.cn  

          Address: 20 floor, New City Mansion, No. 259 Jiangdong Central Road, Jianye District, Nanjing  (opposite to the East Gate of Nanjing Olympic Sports Center) 



Nanjing government public service hotline for any consultation and complaints:86-25-12345
Travel consultation:86-25-52269008 Travel complaints:86-25-52260123
Host:Nanjing Tourism Committee Information Center Address: Block E,Xincheng Mansion,No.259,Jiangdong Zhonglu(Opposite to the East Gate of Nanjing Olympic Sports Center ) Nanjing tourism network
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