Transportation

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Nanjing is the transportation hub in eastern China and the downstream Yangtze River area. Different means of transportation constitute a three-dimensional transport system that includes land, water and air. As in most other Chinese cities, public transportation is the dominant mode of travel of the majority of the citizens. The city now has four bridges and one tunnel crossings spanning the Yangtze, which are tying districts north of the river with the city centre on the south bank. See also Transport in Nanjing.

Rail


Nanjing is an important railway hub in eastern China. It serves as rail junction for the Beijing-Shanghai (Jinghu) (which is itself composed of the old Jinpu and Huning Railways), Nanjing–Tongling (Ningtong), Nanjing-Qidong (Ningqi), and the Nanjing-Xian (Ningxi) which encompasses the Hefei–Nanjing Railway.

Nanjing is connected to the national high-speed railway network by Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway and Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu Passenger Dedicated Line, Nanjing-Hangzhou High-Speed Railway with several more high-speed rail lines under construction.

Among all 17 railway stations in Nanjing, passenger rail service is mainly provided by Nanjing Railway Station and Nanjing South Railway Station, while other stations like Nanjing West Railway Station, Zhonghuamen Railway Station and Xianlin Railway Station serve minor roles. Nanjing South Railway Station, which is one of the 5 hub stations on Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway, has officially been claimed as the largest railway station in Asia and the second largest in the world in terms of GFA (Gross Floor Area).

The city of eight million is a stop on the five-hour high-speed rail route between Beijing and Shanghai. Yangtze River Delta cities which are consist of Nanjing, Shanghai, Hangzhou and other cities. It is easy to travel among these cities in only one and a half hours by high-speed rail trains.

Road

As an important regional hub in the Yangtze River Delta, Nanjing is well-connected by over 60 state and provincial highways to all parts of China.

Express highways such as Hu-Ning, Ning-He, Ning-Hang enable commuters to travel to Shanghai, Hefei, Hangzhou, and other important cities quickly and conveniently. Inside the city of Nanjing, there are 230 km of highways, with a highway coverage density of 3.38 kilometers per hundred square kilometers. The total road coverage density of the city is 112.56 kilometers per hundred square kilometers.

Public transportation

The city also boasts an efficient network of public transportation, which mainly consists of bus, taxi and metro systems. The bus network, which is currently run by five companies (Nanjing Gongjiao, Zhongbei, Argos, Xincheng and Xinningpu), provides more than 370 routes covering all parts of the city and suburban areas. Nanjing Metro Line 1, started service on May 15, 2005. Line 2 and the extension of Line 1 officially opened to passenger service on May 28, 2010. The city is planning to complete a 655 km (407 mi) long Metro and light-rail system by 2030. The expansion of the Metro network will greatly facilitate the intracity transportation and reduce the currently heavy traffic congestion.

Metro
Four metro lines stitch the city together with more than 50 stations. Trains are new and clean. A subway ride costs RMB 2-9 (US$0.3-1.4).

It is generally easy to find an empty taxi downtown but avoid rush hours (6:30-8:00 a.m., 5:00-7:00 p.m.). Drivers available for hire light their taxi lamps red (while green means the taxi is not available).The flag-down rate is RMB 9 (US$ 1.4) plus RMB 2 (US$0.3) fuel surcharge.


Taxi
Taking a taxi can make your travelling convenient. It is best to take a taxi that is licensed and metered. There are a lot of taxis in Nanjing and it is quite an inexpensive means of transportation (starting price: 9 Yuan). Usually taxi drivers do not speak English, so be sure to have your destination written in Chinese. It is also helpful to have a Chinese and English map.

 

Tour Bus
There are five travelling routes in Nanjing which benefit visitors a lot!

As is shown below, visitors will feel free to look around by taking a tour bus.

Tour Line 1 游1线
玄武湖公园——鼓楼——鸡鸣寺——总统府——明故宫——美龄宫——海底世界——中山陵 
Tour Line 1 (stop at): Xuanwu Lake Park→Gulou→Jiming Temple→Presidential Palace→Nanjing Ming Palace→Meiling Palace→Underwater World→Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum

Tour Line2 游2线
雨花台一中华门城堡——夫子庙——总统府——明故宫——明孝陵——海底世界——中山陵——水榭——灵谷寺公园
Tour Line 2 (stop at): Yuhuatai (Rain Flower Terrace)→Zhonghua Gate Citadel→Confucius Temple→Presidential Palace→Nanjing Ming Palace→Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum→Underwater World→Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum→Shuixie (Waterside Pavilion)→Linggu Temple Park

Tour Line 3 游3线
红山动物园——紫金山——廖仲恺墓——明孝陵——海底世界——中山陵——水榭——灵谷寺公园
Tour Line 3 (stop at): Hongshan Forest Zoo→Purple Mountain→Liao Zhongkai's Tomb→Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum→→Underwater World→Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum→Shuixie (Waterside Pavilion)→ Linggu Temple Park

Tour Line 4 游4线

石头城——清凉山——雨花台
Tour Line 4 (stop at): Stone City→Qingliang Hill→Yuhuatai (Rain Flower Terrace)

Tour Line 5 游5线

阳山碑材
Tour Line 5 (stop at): Yangshan Hill Stele

 

Air

Nanjing's airport, Lukou International Airport, serves both national and international flights. In 2010, the airport handled 12.5305 million passengers. It was ranked 14th among 126 civil airports in China in terms of yearly passenger transport, and 10th for yearly cargo transport. The airport currently has 85 routes to national and international destinations, which include Japan, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Germany. The airport is connected by a 29-kilometre highway directly to the city center, and is also linked to various intercity highways, making it accessible to the passengers from the surrounding cities.



Water

Port of Nanjing is the largest inland port in China, yearly throughput reaching 108.59 million tons in 2007. The port area is 98 kilometers in length and has 64 berths including 16 berths for ships with a tonnage of more than 10,000. Nanjing is also the biggest container port along the Yangtze River; in March 2004, the one million container-capacity base, Longtan Containers Port Area opened, further consolidating Nanjing as the leading port in the region. In the 1960s the First Yangtze River Bridge was completed, becoming almost the only solid connection between North and South in eastern China at that time. The bridge became a source of pride and an important symbol of modern China, having been built and designed by the Chinese themselves following failed surveys by other nations and the reliance on and then rejection of Soviet expertise. Begun in 1960 and opened to traffic in 1968, the bridge is a two-tiered road and rail design spanning 4,600 meters on the upper deck, with approximately 1,580 meters spanning the river itself. Nanjing now has four bridges and one tunnel crossings spanning the Yangtze.



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